The city was founded in the 7th century BC by the Oski tribe at the mouth of the Sarno River, which at that time was used as a port by Greek and Phoenician sailors. Initially, the city was under the influence of Greek, between 525 BC to 474 BC. In the 5th century BC the whole territory of present-day Campania was conquered by the Samnites and from 310 BC the city was under Roman influence.
Pompeii was involved in the revolt of Campania against Rome in 89 BC, but Sulla's army suppressed the revolt. The city was deprived of rights and became a colony of Colonia Cornelia Veneria Pompeianorum. It continued to be an important trading venue for merchandise transported by sea, and continued to be sent to Rome or south to nearby Via Appia, making the 1st century AD the city's greatest development.
40°45′4″ s. š., 14°29′13″ v. d
Kemp Spartacus, Via Plinio, 127 , Pompei